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Three-stage Hamas ceasefire plan 

 Context:

  • Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu recently said that total victory in Gaza was within reach.
  • He also rejected the latest offer from Hamas for a ceasefire to ensure the return of hostages still held in the besieged enclave.
  • Amidst mounting deaths and devastation in the region Hamas had proposed a three-stage plan to halt its ongoing conflict with Israel.
  • The plan which envisaged three truce periods of 45 days each was actually in response to a proposal sent last week by Qatari and Egyptian mediators and cleared by Israel and the US.

What are the three stages? 

  • In phase 1 Israeli women hostages, boys under 19, and the sick and the elderly will be released but in exchange for Palestinian women and children in Israeli jails.
  • Israel is expected to withdraw its military for populated areas, and reconstruction, specially of hospitals, will begin in Gaza.
  • In phase 2, the other male hostages will be released and then the Israeli troops will withdraw from all of Gaza.
  • In phase 3, bodies and mortal remains of those killed on both sides of the war will be exchanged.
  • Hamas says that in this 135-day period, an agreement will be worked out to end the war in the region

About Hamas:

  • HAMAS which stands for the Harakat al-Muqawama al-Islamiya (Islamic Resistance Movement) is the largest and most capable militant group in the Palestinian territories.
  • It is one of the territories’ two major political parties.
  • HAMAS emerged in 1987 during the first Palestinian uprising or also known as intifada.
  • It emerged as an outgrowth of the Muslim Brotherhood’s Palestinian branch.
  • The group is committed to armed resistance against Israel and also the creation of an Islamic Palestinian state in Israel’s place.
  • It has been the de facto governing body in the Gaza Strip since 2007, when it ousted the Palestinian Authority from power.
  • It primarily operates in Gaza also maintains a presence in the West Bank; Palestinian refugee camps in Lebanon; and key regional capitals, such as Doha, Qatar, and Cairo, Egypt.

The post Three-stage Hamas ceasefire plan appeared first on Vajirao IAS.

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