Indo – China Border Dispute and LAC

Indo – China Border dispute:

  • India and China share a total boundary of approximately 3,488 kilometres which is second largest after Bangladesh.
  • The border is generally divided into three sectors: the western, middle, and eastern sectors.
  • The Indian states which share the border with China are Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Sikkim, and Arunachal Pradesh.

 Recent Doklam standoff between India and China :

  • Doklam lies at the tri-junction of India, China and Bhutan.
  • The standoff occurred in 2017, the duration of which is 73 days.
  • Doklam is nearly 100 sq.km in area which consists of a valley and a plateau.
  • The plateau is claimed both by the China and Bhutan.
  • The issue began when the Chinese army attempted to construct a road passing through the Doklam Plateau.
  • India had to step in to help the Bhutan to maintain its sovereignty.
  • After a long 73 days standoff both India and china eventually agreed to the withdrawal of troops.

Recent developments:

  • Recently in 2022, Chinese army tried to ingress the Yangtse area, Tawang sector in Arunachal Pradesh.
  • Yangtse is located 3035 km northeast of Tawang and is at an altitude of around 17,000 feet.
  • The Chinese army also stepped up patrols in this sector to assert its claims in the area.
  • The People’s Liberation Army has also installed a ropeway close to the Torsa Nala on their side near the confluence point which is Indo-china- Bhutan confluence point.
  • It is where the Doklam stand off happened in 2017.

Syllabus : Prelims + Mains; GS2 – International Relations

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