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GPS SPOOFING

WHY IN NEWS?

  • Recently, a Dubai-bound business jet from Europe flew into Iranian airspace with no clearance in September due to a false signal on the aircraft navigation system.

WHAT IS GPS SPOOFING ?

  • GPS spoofing is an attack aimed at overriding a GPS enabled device’s original location.
  • To do so, the attacker uses a radio transmitter that broadcasts fake GPS signals and interferes with GPS receivers nearby.
  • As a result, those devices display fake GPS locations.
  • The Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS), which GPS (the Global Positioning System) is a part of, is also used to sync the date and time across devices around the world.
  • So if your device is GPS spoofed, it might also suddenly show that you have traveled to the future or back in time.

IMPLICATIONS OF GPS SPOOFING:

  • GPS spoofing provides false signals to the GPS receiver of a plane, manipulating its inertial reference system.
  • This can put the aircraft off its intended course and result in intrusion or collision.
  • A GNSS interference can also result in false data for a plane’s fuel computation system, flight management system, and ground or wind speed information on the navigation display.
  • Taxi drivers can use GPS spoofing to fake their location to earn more money for standing.
  • GPS spoofing can change the perceived location of ships, planes, and other vehicles.

OTHER TYPES OF SPOOFING:

  • URL spoofing. It is the process of creating fake URLs that pose as a different website. A spoofed URL looks like a legitimate source, but it is used for stealing your data.
  • IP spoofing. It is a hacking technique when a packet’s original IP address is changed to a fake one. IP spoofing allows cybercriminals to carry out malicious activities and avoid detection.
  • DNS spoofing. It is a cyberattack that directs internet users to fake or malicious websites. DNS spoofing is carried out by replacing real IP addresses with different ones

SYLLABUS: PRELIMS, CURRENT AFFAIRS

The post GPS SPOOFING appeared first on Vajirao IAS.

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