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1. Consider the following statements with respect to Forest conservation act.

  1. The Forest Conservation Act came into force in 1980 and was conceived to stop the razing of forests.
  2. An estimated four million hectares of forest land had been diverted from 1951 to 1975.
  3. Illegal timber-felling at Gudalur in the state of Tamil Nadu led the Supreme Court to deliver the landmark Godavarman Thirumulpad judgment in 1996.
  4. The Supreme Court decreed that forests had to be protected irrespective of how they were classified and who owned them.

How many above statements are correct?

 
 
 
 

2. Consider the following statements with respect to the proposed amendments to the Forest Conservation act.

  1. Forest land which is situated within a distance of 100 kilometres along international borders or the Line of Control or Line of Actual Control, and which needed to be cleared to construct strategic linear projects of national importance would also be exempt from the Act.
  2. The amendments also put beyond the pale of protection forest land situated alongside a rail line or a road which are necessary to provide access to a habitation, up to a maximum size of 0.10 hectare.
  3. Any ten hectares in a forest which is regarded necessary for use in constructing security related infrastructure or five hectares in forest land affected by ‘left wing extremism’ too would be bereft of protection.
  4. The government rationale is that these exemptions are necessary in order to facilitate basic infrastructure in tribal areas.

How many above statements are correct?

 
 
 
 

3. Consider the following statements with respect to the Signature Bridge in Gujarat.

  1. Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated the Sudarshan Setu which is India’s longest cable-stayed bridge, in the Gulf of Kutch.
  2. The bridge is known as Signature Bridge and it will link mainland Gujarat with Bet Dwarka island off the Okha coast in Devbhumi Dwarka.
  3. Its total length is 4,772m which include a 900-m-long cable-stayed section.
  4. At present, the only means of transport between Bet Dwarka and mainland Gujarat is the ferry boat service which runs from Dwarka to Okha, the nearest point of the mainland.

How many above statements are incorrect?

 
 
 
 

4. Consider the following statements with respect to Bet Dwarka Island.

  1. After the Union Territory of Diu which is located at Una coast in Gir Somnath, Bet Dwarka is the second largest island off the Gujarat coast.
  2. Bet Dwarka island is part of Okha municipality and has a population of nearly 10,000.
  3. A major pilgrimage and religious tourism spot which is Shree Dwarkadhish Mukhya Mandir, a shrine of Lord Krishna, is located at Bet Dwarka.
  4. Though some agriculture does happen, fishing is the main source of livelihood on the island, besides other tourism activities.

How many above statements are incorrect?

 
 
 
 

5. Consider the following statements with respect to Hanooman.

  1. Hanooman is a series of large language models (LLMs) which can respond in 11 Indian languages like Hindi, Tamil, and Marathi, with plans to expand to more than 20 languages.
  2. Hanooman has been designed to work in four fields, which include health care, governance, financial services, and education.
  3. Notably, the series isn’t just a chatbot but it is a multimodal AI tool, which can generate text, speech, videos and more in multiple Indian languages, according to BharatGPT.
  4. Large language models use deep learning techniques to process large amounts of text and they work by processing vast amounts of text, understanding the structure and meaning, and learning from it.

How many above statements are incorrect?

 
 
 
 

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