1. Consider the following statements with respect to Anti Satellite weapon.

  1. They are designed to debilitate and/or destroy satellites which are already in orbit and are operational.
  2. ASAT weapons violate the Outer Space Treaty (OST) through the OST’s Article VII.
  3. The article holds parties to the treaty liable for damaging satellites belonging to other parties, and Article IX, which asks parties to refrain from the “harmful contamination” of space.
  4. Russia as in the form of the erstwhile Soviet Union has had ASAT capabilities since at least the year 1968.

How many above statements are correct?


2. Consider the following statements with respect to Outer space treaty.

  1. The Outer Space Treaty which is formally known as the Treaty on Principles Governing the Activities of States in the Exploration and Use of Outer Space, including the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies, is a multilateraltreaty that forms the basis of international space law.
  2. It was negotiated and drafted under the auspices of the United Nations and it was opened for signature in the United States, the United Kingdom, and the Soviet Union on 27 January 1967, entering into force on 10 October 1967.
  3. Although the treaty forbids establishing military bases, testing weapons and conducting military maneuvers on celestial bodies, the treaty does not expressly ban all military activities in space, nor the establishment of military space forces or the placement of conventional weapons in space.
  4. Article II of the treaty explicitly forbids any government from claiming a celestial body like Moon or a planet as its own territory, whether by declaration, occupation, or “any other means”.
  5. According to the treaty the state which launches a space object, such as a satellite or space station, retains jurisdiction and control over that object; by extension and also a state is also liable for damages caused by its space object.

How many above statements are incorrect?


3. Consider the following statements with respect to rheumatoid arthritis.

  1. It is a chronic, autoimmune condition which mostly affects the joints.
  2. A patient experiences pain, swelling of joints and loss of function and mobility as a result of the stiffness and it affects the lining of the joints, and also damages the tissue that covers the ends of the bones in a joint.
  3. It often occurs in a symmetrical pattern which means that if one knee or hand has the condition, the other hand or knee is also often affected.
  4. Fatigue, occasional fevers, and a loss of appetite are to be expected, and there is also a possibility that it may cause medical problems outside of the joints including in the heart, lungs, blood nerves, eyes and skin.

How many above statements are correct?


4. Consider the following statements with respect to T cells.

  1. Theyare one of the important types of white blood cells of the immune system and play a central role in the adaptive immune response.
  2. They can be distinguished from other lymphocytes by the presence of a T-cell receptor (TCR) on their cell surface.
  3. T cells are born from hematopoietic stem cells and are found in the bone marrow.
  4. Groups of specific and differentiated T cell subtypes have a variety of important functions in controlling and shaping the immune response.

How many above statements are incorrect?


5. Consider the following statements with respect to GSLV.

  1. Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV) is a space launch vehicle which is designed, developed, and operated by the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) to launch satellites and other space objects into Geosynchronous Transfer Orbits.
  2. It has the capability to put a heavier payload in the orbit than the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV).
  3. Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (or GSLV) is a three-stage launcher vehicle with strap-on motors.
  4. In 1994, ISRO started a project which was called as Cryogenic Upper Stage Project with the main aim to develop India’s own cryogenic engine and to end its reliance on foreign cryogenic engines.

How many above statements are incorrect?


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