1. Consider the following statements with respect to Advanced Medium Combat Aircraft (AMCA).

  1. It is India’s fifth-generation fighter multirole fighter jet.
  2. India developed it in the year 2022.
  3. The AMCA will be manufactured by state-owned Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL).
  4. Currently only a few countries in the world have built a fifth-generation stealth fighter aircraft which include U.S.A., China and Russia.

Choose the correct statements from above.


2. Consider the following statements with respect to features of Advanced Medium Combat Aircraft (AMCA).

  1. It is a 250-tonne twin-engine aircraft and will be bigger than the other fighters in the Indian Air Force inventory.
  2. It will have advanced stealth features to avoid detection by enemy radar.
  3. The AMCA will have a low electro-magnetic signature, which will make it difficult for enemy radar to detect it.
  4. It can carry up to four long-range air-to-air missiles and multiple precision guided munitions in the internal weapons bay, with a payload of 1,500 kg.

How many above statements are incorrect?


3. Consider the following statements with respect to Public stockholding programme of India.

  1. The main objective of the programme is to maintain stable food prices, provide grains for social welfare programs, and ensure farmers get a fair price through procurement.
  2. The Minimum Support Price is normally higher than the prevailing market rates and the government supplies the cereals at a low price to consumers to ensure food security for the country’s more than 80 crore beneficiaries under its NFSA programme.
  3. Under WTO norms for developing countries, a member nation’s food subsidy bill should not exceed 5% of the value of production based on the reference price of 1986-88.
  4. The limit of 5% is known as de minimis level and it stands at 10% for developed countries.

How many above statements are correct?


4. Consider the following statements with respect to Montreal Protocol.

  1. The Montreal Protocol was finalized in 1987, is a global agreement to protect the stratospheric ozone layer by phasing out the production and consumption of ozone-depleting substances (ODS).
  2. Ozone-depleting substances are substances that were commonly used in products such as refrigerators, air conditioners, fire extinguishers, and aerosols.
  3. The United States ratified the Montreal Protocol in 1988 and but has not joined any of the Protocol’s subsequent amendments.

Which of the above statements are correct?


5. Consider the following statements with respect to Kigali amendment to the Montreal Protocol.

  1. It was adopted in the year 2016 to phase down production and also consumption of hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) worldwide.
  2. HFCs are actually powerful greenhouse gases, and global implementation of the Kigali Amendment is expected to avoid up to half a degree Celsius of temperature rise by 2100.
  3. The United States ratified the Kigali Amendment in 2022.

How many above statements are correct?


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