1. Consider the following statements.

  1. Currently most messaging apps have standard encryption methods which use public and private keys to securely deliver messages.
  2. In the private key encryption method, a user’s message is encrypted using the public key before transmission and then the private key is used in order to decrypt messages.
  3. In the public key method, while both keys are required, they are generally the same, and both the sender and the recipient are allowed to encrypt or decrypt the message.

How many above statements are correct?


2. Consider the following statements with respect to Apple’s PQ3 protocol.

  1. It is a post-quantum cryptographic protocol to encrypt conversations in iMessage.
  2. It is the first messaging protocol to reach Level 3 security and can defend highly sophisticated quantum attacks.
  3. It uses a hybrid design which combines traditional encryption methods with post-quantum encryption both during the initial key establishment between devices and during rekeying.
  4. However it can’t limit how many past and future messages can be decrypted with a single compromised key.

Which of the above statements are correct?


3. Consider the following statements with respect to Cairns Group.

  1. It was formed in 1986 during the Uruguay Round of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, and named after the city in Australia where its inaugural meeting took place.
  2. The group’s main objective is to advocate for the reduction of subsidies and protectionism in agriculture that distort trade.
  3. Both India and Pakistan are its members.
  4. The Cairns Group has been influential in the World Trade Organization’s negotiations on agriculture, pushing for fairer global rules around agricultural trade.

How many above statements are incorrect?


4. Consider the following statements with respect to Peace Clause.

  1. The Peace Clause, officially referred to as the Due Restraint provision, is an essential feature of the World Trade Organization’s (WTO) Agreement on Agriculture.
  2. This provision plays a significant role by protecting nations from being held legally accountable for superseding their agreed-upon subsidies for domestic farmers and food security.
  3. The Peace Clause is of particular importance to developing nations, such as India, where government backing for small-scale and marginal farmers is a critical component for ensuring food security and reducing poverty levels.

How many above statements are correct?


5. Consider the following statements with respect to Similipal tiger reserve.

  1. It is Asia’s second largest biosphere, and the India’s only wild habitat for melanistic royal Bengal tigers.
  2. The tigers of Similipal belong to a unique lineage with higher-than-normal levels of melanin and it gives them black-and-yellow-interspersed stripes on their coats.
  3. The main reason behind inbreeding is these cats live isolated from other tigers due to which they breed among themselves.
  4. The tiger is listed as Endangered on the IUCN Red List.

How many above statements are incorrect?


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